Tuesday, May 19, 2020

What Is Hydrogen

This article was updated by Larry E. Hall, Hybrid Electric Car Expert Hydrogen is a basic element — remember the periodic table? The most abundant element on earth, it’s an elemental gas that is extracted from other compounds, not manufactured in the traditional sense like other fuels. Most commercial hydrogen is reformulated from petroleum (natural gas), but can also be made by passing electricity through water (electrolysis). Although it is possible to burn it in an engine, sophisticated fuel management systems and expensive special fuel tanks are required. Fuel cells that chemically alter hydrogen — not burn it — still tend to be the most efficient devices to create electric power from hydrogen. While a few automakers have tested hydrogen powered internal combustion engine vehicles, the technology has largely been dismissed. Today, research and development efforts are focused on hydrogen fuel cells that provide electrical power for electric motor vehicles. Currently there are three hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles available for lease in limited areas of California only: Honda Clarity (arrives summer 2016), Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell and Toyota Mirai. As promising as this technology is, there are only 21 public hydrogen refueling stations in the United States, three on the east coast, the balance in California. Pros: A Yes Vote Very clean:  The only by-product from spent hydrogen is water vapor.Safe and reliable: Has an excellent automotive and industrial safety record.Plentiful resource: When extracted from water, not reformed from natural gas. Cons: What to be aware of Hydrogen is expensive to generate, handle and store.It has a fairly low energy content in gaseous state used in automotive fuel cells.Costly infrastructure: The cost to build a hydrogen refueling station is roughly $1.5  million. Safety Handling Hydrogen requires careful handling and special storage tanks.There are a variety of ways to store hydrogen: liquefying it, compressing it or  micro pore storage (impregnated into carbon or graphite medium).  How safe is  hydrogen? Potential Good future potential. One of the biggest hurdles is building the refueling infrastructure. Learn More: Hydrogen 101The Alternative Fuel Bible: Find Answers to Your Fuel Vehicle Questions

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Monarchy Vs. Democracy By Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

Monarchy vs Democracy Through assessing both monarchy and democracy from both perspectives of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, one can see that democracy creates the most beneficial outcome. Hobbes had a pessimistic view of people. He believed humans were selfish, doing anything to further their own position in life. Hobbes believed in an absolute monarchy, a government that gave all the power to a king or queen. Even though he distrusted democracy, he believed that a diverse group of representatives present the problems of the common people would prevent a king from being unfair and cruel. Today, many people associate the ideals Locke adopts with democracy. Although, in Locke’s book, Second Treatise of Government, he did not solely focus on democracy. He listed many types of government, not favoring any. He believed that as long as they adhere to his rules, they remain valid. As a result of looking through Thomas Hobbes’ view on monarchy and John Locke’s view on democracy, both perspectives provide a vast amount of information of an ideal government. In Locke’s book, Second Treatise of Government, chapter 11 is devoted to legislative power, which Locke identifies as the most important part of the government. Locke provides rules for this legislative power. The first is the preservation of society. No one can challenge the power of the legislative body, or pass laws of their own. This power is invested in the body of the majority. In this chapter, he brings up a constantShow MoreRelatedImpact Of Thomas Hobbes During The Age Of Absolutism1009 Words   |  5 PagesThomas Hobbes During the Age of Absolutism The Age of Absolutism was a time during the 16th to 19th centuries where many political, religious and colonial conflicts were rising. Some philosophers began to analyze the ideas of their civilizations in depth toward the end of this time period as it led into the Age of Enlightenment. One of these philosophers was Thomas Hobbes. He had quite a few accomplishments during his lifetime including writing many books and supporting the popular belief thatRead MoreHobbes Vs. Marx On Government s First Duty1038 Words   |  5 PagesHurless Mrs. Sauter World History – Block G 15 December 2014 Topic #1 – Hobbes vs. Locke vs. Marx â€Å"Government’s first duty is to protect the people, not run their lives,† said Ronald Reagan. Some political philosophies like John Locke would agree to this statement, while other, like Thomas Hobbes would not, and some will both agree and disagree, like Karl Marx. You will come to learn why the â€Å"social contract† of John Locke is the best through the review of all three philosophers main ideas on governmentRead MoreJohn Locke And Thomas Hobbes Essay1490 Words   |  6 PagesMadison’s model. These four components include separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism, and republicanism. The philosophies of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes influenced Madison in a way that allowed him to have both liberty and order at the same time. John Locke believed in individual liberty and freedom from the government whilst Thomas Hobbes believed that the state of nature is that people are born selfish. These two philosophers managed to influence Madison b ecause Madison wantedRead MoreThomas Hobbes And John Locke s Leviathan And Second Treatise Of Government1852 Words   |  8 PagesHobbes vs. Locke This paper will compare and contrast the beliefs of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke expressed in Leviathan and Second Treatise of Government. The paper will show the basic differences between the two philosophers views, is Hobbes distrust of the people and Locke s relatively greater trust of the people and distrust of the government s power and the likelihood of the abuse of that power. Hobbes view in Leviathan aims at ensuring civil order, which means for him the absolute powerRead MoreAn Essay on Social Contract Theory3139 Words   |  13 Pagesstate of nature. It has been often noted, indeed, that social contract theories relied on a specific anthropological conception of man as either good or evil. Thomas Hobbes (1651), John Locke (1689) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1762) are the most famous philosophers of contractarianism, which is the theoretical groundwork of democracy. It is also one of a few competing theoretical groundworks of liberalism, but Rousseaus social contract is often seen as conflicting with classical liberalism whichRead MoreAn Essay on Social Contract Theory3151 Words   |  13 Pagesstate of nature. It has been often noted, indeed, that social contract theories relied on a specific anthropological conception of man as either good or evil. Thomas Hobbes (1651), John Locke (1689) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1762) are the most famous philosopher s of contractarianism, which is the theoretical groundwork of democracy. It is also one of a few competing theoretical groundworks of liberalism, but Rousseaus social contract is often seen as conflicting with classical liberalism whichRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pages. Organization Theory Challenges and Perspectives John McAuley, Joanne Duberley and Phil Johnson . This book is, to my knowledge, the most comprehensive and reliable guide to organisational theory currently available. What is needed is a text that will give a good idea of the breadth and complexity of this important subject, and this is precisely what McAuley, Duberley and Johnson have provided. They have done some sterling service in bringing together the very diverse strands of work

The Coming Anarchy - Robert Kaplan free essay sample

Robert Kaplan published his essay entitled, The Coming Anarchy. In his essay, Mr. Kaplan theorized that the region of Western Africa is becoming the â€Å"symbol of worldwide demographic, environmental, and societal stress†. He identified numerous political, social, economic, and environmental issues affecting Western Africa, which in his opinion, would lead to the demise of that African region within the next 50 years. Mr. Kaplan further theorized that nations worldwide would eventually contract the same problems occurring in Western Africa and collapse into anarchy. Mr. Kaplan’s prediction of worldwide anarchy is inaccurate, since his argument relies on broad generalizations and insufficient credible examples and sources of information. Western Africa exhibits many of the problems common in the world’s developing nations, including overpopulation, crime, drug cartels, limited marketable commodities, the prevalence of infectious diseases, and scarcity of natural resources. Kaplan predicted that as time continued, the countries of Western Africa would also continue to decline. In doing so, his diagnosis fails to address opportunities in innovation, advances in technology, and an international system capable of self-correction. In previous decades, international assistance to West African countries was in the form of food and monetary aid or a reduction of debt. Today, foreign investment through energy partnerships and trade agreements with North American, European, and Asian countries are increasing, especially with the oil-rich country of Nigeria. Germany is investing heavily in Nigerian crude oil for its industrial uses, and in turn, Nigeria is importing German equipment and other industrial goods. Great Britain, another major player in the European market, has recently agreed to invest $250 million dollars over the next four years to improve border crossings in Western Africa, which will help facilitate trade throughout the continent. China is initiating large-scale infrastructure related construction projects, including a new railway system, road improvements, bridges, energy stations, schools, and cellular-phone networks in several African nations. In his 1994 essay, Kaplan describes the country of Liberia as one that is war-torn, led by inexperienced rebel leaders, and has over 1 million displaced civilians. Today, Liberia has had a decade of peace, held presidential and general elections, improved its social services and infrastructure, and protected human rights. As recently as 2013, the United States and Liberia entered into an agreement to cooperate and improve Liberia’s agriculture and energy sectors. Liberia now ranks among the fastest-growing economies in sub-Saharan Africa, even though the nation is still navigating through long standing issues typical of a developing Western African nation. The ability of Liberia to rebound from its political, economic, and social issues of the past exposes a serious flaw in Kaplan’s theory, and further demonstrates the ability of the international community to self-correct. As a region, Western Africa has recently experienced positive economic growth. The Western African economy grew at a rate of 6. 9 percent during 2012, an increase over the 5. 9 percent in 2011. The achieved economic growth in the sub-region was more than double the global rate, according to a report delivered at the just-ended 42nd Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Summit in the Ivory Coast. In 2012, Sierra Leone, once considered a microcosm of the upcoming anarchy by Mr. Kaplan, experienced the highest growth rate (18. 3%) of any Western African nation. In his analysis, Kaplan supports his worldwide anarchy theory using Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast, as examples to characterize the entire sixteen country Western African region. Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast are both located on the southern coast of Western Africa, and endured military coups, economic troubles, and trade conflicts during the 1980’s. Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast have similar economies dominated by trade and exportation of goods, and are not oil-producing nations. Kaplan made a mistake by selecting countries that were too geographically and economically similar, and thus, discredits his statement of Sierra Leone being a â€Å"microcosm of what is occurring† in Western Africa. Kaplan considered Nigeria, with its extensive supply of oil reserves, to be the country with the greatest future growth potential in Western Africa. However, Kaplan’s fixation with his worldwide anarchy theory caused him to still overlook Nigeria’s energy potential, and assume that a Nigeria of the future would be borderless, overpopulated, impoverished, and ripe with famines. Additional, unbiased research on Nigeria’s energy potential by Kaplan would have demonstrated that Nigeria’s future was bright, despite the social, political, and environmental problems existing in 1994. Given the political, economic, social, and environmental differences that exist in Western Africa, Kaplan further erred by only selecting three countries in ormulating his theory of worldwide anarchy. By using only three countries in a sixteen country region that is so diverse, Kaplan’s conclusions seem incomplete. Incorporating pertinent data and information from the entire region of Western Africa would have given more credibility to his theory. Kaplan’s analysis also seems flawed since some of his information is obtained from personal observations and testimonies from historians and potentially biased commentators, including a devoted environmentalist (Thomas Fraser Homer-Dixon). Kaplan’s prediction that the downfall of Western Africa would trigger worldwide anarchy was not fundamentally sound. Kaplan underestimated the ability of the international community to self-regulate and reverse a negative course of action. If Kaplan had not used broad generalizations to support his theory of worldwide demise and instead used sound, unbiased, scientific and demographic data, I believe he would not have predicted such a grim worldwide outlook for the next 50 years.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Introduction To Social Media Analysis Marketing Essay Example

Introduction To Social Media Analysis Marketing Essay Introduction to Social Media Analysis Peoples are speaking about you-your company, your merchandises, your people. With modern, digital communications tools, theyre printing their ideas to a world-wide audience. They write on web logs and in on-line communities, and they portion images and pictures on popular sites, such as MySpace and YouTube. Sometimes, the issues they raise show up on the front page of major newspapers. Paying attending to these on-line conversations is a new jussive mood for anyone who cares about their company s repute. Social media analysis is the wide term for the services and tools you will utilize to pay attending. It incorporates monitoring, mensurating and analysing Internet-based societal media, normally uniting automated systems and human penetration to turn natural informations into utile information. It s most frequently used in selling and communications/PR maps, which is why some people call it trade name monitoring. But there s more to it than monitoring, and it s non used merely in selling. Customer service, merchandise groups, competitory intelligence, and investor relations-or any other dealingss function-will find utile information. Specialized applications for institutional investors, loaners and supply-chain directors are besides available. If you use information, societal media analysis opens huge new beginnings. Idea behind This Survey: We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction To Social Media Analysis Marketing specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction To Social Media Analysis Marketing specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction To Social Media Analysis Marketing specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer In Pakistan really few people are promoting their concerns through societal media selling, largely our cyberspace use went under the header of ENTERTAINEMENT, so I want to analyze that where the really individual drive to while utilizing Internet in Pakistan. How societal media selling can assist us? How it is used, what are its advantages and disadvantages, how to construct involvement in it and those who are utilizing and doing money through it, how they are making this? Abstraction Sap A Company Transforms Itself Through Social Media This instance survey was written to show how a company can make a societal networking platform that non merely achieves its tactical ends of forcing company content to its mark audience, but besides broader, strategic intents aligned with the company s corporate profile and trade name. The survey will look at engineerings used to develop the SDN and the BPX webs, the quality of the user experience, and prosodies achieved, every bit good as issues related to keeping and turning the web. SAP, faced a new challenge. No longer was it content merely to be a developer of much of the universe s most successful concern package. Alternatively, it wished to go a platform company, on its ain Web-based platform solution: NetWeaver. That meant it had to open its platform to developers outside its ain walls, who would drive advanced ways for concerns to utilize this platform to work out their concern jobs. It meant it had to speak to a immense, new audience that had non been portion of its anterior focal point: developers across the Earth that may or may non be SAP employees. Additional aims included a desire to increase acceptance of SAP merchandises and to supply a platform of invention for SAP and its spouses. To obtain the chief end, SAP launches two new package s for this called as SDN and BPX. Both webs are crystalline, anyone can subscribe up, and both are searchable. Users can subscribe and obtain RSS provenders from the most popular bloggers, and all the content is accessible to societal book-marking sites, every bit good as from Google and other hunt sites. SAP was once viewed as stiff, massive, and excessively process-oriented but after acceptance of Social Media it is now viewed as unfastened and collaborative Methodology: Discussion Forums were opened up in Web page format where a rate of about 4,000 stations Per twenty-four hours was recorded. These were followed by web logs, ab initio contributed by employees, and rapidly opened to foreigners. Active subscribers include clients, advisers, and other sentiment leaders, and the blogs characteristic everything from long-form essays on relevant subjects to shorter explosions about future tendencies or interesting inventions. Decision Finally, the writer speculates on how the success of the combined webs could take to farther gross growing and sweetening of current corporate communications. How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising They performed a series of in-depth qualitative interviews with 14 topics who answered advertizements to take part in a university survey about Internet advertisement. Subjects were non informed this survey had to make with behavioural advertisement privateness, but raised privateness concerns on their ain unprompted. They asked, What are the best and worst things about Internet advertisement? and what do you believe about Internet advertisement? Participants held a broad scope of positions runing from enthusiasm about ads that inform them of new merchandises and price reductions they would non otherwise cognize approximately, to surrender that ads are a fact of life, to resentment of ads that they find contemptuous. Many participants raised privateness issues in the first few proceedingss of treatment without any motivating about privateness. They discovered that many participants have a hapless apprehension of how Internet advertisement plants, do non understand the usage o f first-party cookies, allow entirely third-party cookies, did non recognize that behavioural advertisement already takes topographic point, believe that their actions online are wholly anon. unless they are logged into a web site, and believe that there are legal protections that prohibit companies from sharing information they collect online. They found that participants have significant confusion about the consequences of the actions they take within their browsers, do non understand the engineering they work with now, and clear cookies as much out of a impression of hygiene as for privateness. They besides found divergent positions on what constitutes publicizing. Industry self-regulation guidelines assume consumers can separate third-party doodads from first-party content, and farther presume that consumers understand informations flows to third-party advertizers. Alternatively, we find some people are non even cognizant of when they are being advertised to, allow entirely cognizant of what information is collected or how it is used. Methodology: A series of in-depth qualitative interviews with 14 topics were conducted. A modified mental theoretical accounts protocol of semi-structured interviews were followed utilizing standard preliminary inquiries for all participants while besides following up separately to garner participants understanding of and reaction to behavioural advertisement in peculiar. Decision Consumers have a really clear apprehension of when and where Google hunt displays advertizements. However, consumers do non understand which parts of the New York Times website are advertizements. They lack the cognition to separate doodads from first party content. Consequently, it is excessively optimistic to believe consumers know their informations flows to widget suppliers as a first party. THE VALUE OF A FACEBOOK FAN: AN EMPIRICAL REVIEW As Facebook matures as a feasible selling and client service channel, many organisations are looking to quantify and understand the impact of their overall selling investing on their concern. Quantifying the Return on investing ( ROI ) of Facebook selling attempts includes multiple variables and companies frequently fail to understand and to properly value their attempts in footings of the possible long-run concern benefits of the Facebook channel. Many trade names overcomplicate their measuring demands by tracking tonss of independent variables. Many oversimplify by seeking to use a individual figure construct of value, and far excessively many fail to quantify ROI in such a manner as to convert a CFO of the virtue of increasing or switching investing towards Facebook selling. Syncapse has adopted a alone attack to understanding the fiscal returns that societal members on Facebook provide to a concern. Facebook fan ROI can be understood though a cognition of cardinal public presentation indexs that have traditionally led to increased gross revenues and net income in concern and the cardinal differences between Facebook users who have opted to fan a trade name and those who have non. This survey will analyze the five prima subscribers to Facebook fan value. ( 1 ) Merchandise Spending ( 2 ) Brand Loyalty, ( 3 ) Leaning to Recommend, ( 4 ) Brand Affinity and ( 5 ) Earned Media Value. Methodology The quantitative research for this Syncapse project was conducted in concurrence with Hotspex Market Research and consisted of a 25-minute study utilizing their on-line panel. Data was collected from over 4,000 panellists across North America in June 2010. Decision As turning audiences migrate to societal webs like Facebook, a trade name s ability to link and act upon these clients must switch from traditional selling schemes. Facebook fans represent a important chance to drive gross sweetening, trade name, and trueness without incurring the considerable cost-per-person of conventional selling. More significantly, such Facebook schemes allow for a discernible Return on invested capital that is non allowed by most other attacks. Fans are an highly valuable section of the Internet audience and should be addressed with specific schemes to foster their on-going engagement and influence. Unlike traditional campaign-based selling, Facebook-based selling through good crafted fan use has no defined shelf life and can be more readily integrated into the daily operation of the endeavor. Social Media Use in the United States: Deductions for Health Communication Given the rapid alterations in the communicating landscape brought approximately by participative Internet usage and societal media, it is of import to develop a better apprehension of these engineerings and their impact on wellness communicating. The first measure in this attempt is to place the features of current societal media users. Up-to-date coverage of current societal media usage will assist supervise the growing of societal media and inform wellness promotion/communication attempts taking to efficaciously use societal media. The intent of the survey is to place the sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with current grownup societal media users in the United States. Methods: Datas came from the 2007 loop of the Health Information National Trends Study ( HINTS, N = 7674 ) . HINTS is a nationally representative cross-sectional study on health-related communicating tendencies and patterns. Survey respondents who reported holding accessed the Internet ( N = 5078 ) were asked whether, over the past twelvemonth, they had ( 1 ) participated in an on-line support group, ( 2 ) written in a web log, ( 3 ) visited a societal networking site. Bivariate and multivariate logistic arrested development analyses were conducted to place forecasters of each type of societal media usage. Decisions: Recent growing of societal media is non uniformly distributed across age groups ; hence, wellness communicating plans using societal media must foremost see the age of the targeted population to assist guarantee that messages reach the intended audience. While racial/ethnic and wellness status-related disparities exist in Internet entree, among those with Internet entree, these features do non impact societal media usage. This determination suggests that the new engineerings, represented by societal media, may be altering the communicating form throughout the United States. DELIVRABLE II Introduction Billions of people create millions of connexions through societal media each twenty-four hours, but few of us see how each chink and cardinal imperativeness physiques relationships that, in sum, organize a huge societal web. Passionate users of societal media tools such as electronic mail, web logs, microblogs, and wikis thirstily send personal or public messages, station strongly felt sentiments, or contribute to community cognition to develop partnerships, promote cultural heritage, and progress development. Devoted societal networkers create and portion digital media and rate or urge resources to pool their experiences, supply aid for neighbours and co-workers, and show their creativeness. The consequences are huge, complex webs of connexions that link people to other people, paperss, locations, constructs, and other objects. New tools are now available to roll up, analyze, visualize, and bring forth penetrations from the aggregations of connexions formed from one million millions of messages, links, stations, edits, uploaded exposure and picture, reappraisals, and recommendations. As societal media have emerged as a widespread platform for human interaction, the unseeable ties that link each of us to others have become more seeable and machine readable. The consequence is a new chance to map societal webs in item and graduated table neer earlier seen. The complex constructions that emerge from webs of societal relationships can now be studied with computing machine plans and graphical maps that leverage the scientific discipline of societal web analysis to capture the form and cardinal locations within a landscape of ties and links. These maps can steer new journeys through societal landscapes that were antecedently uncharted. Social web analysis is the application of the broader field of web scientific discipline to the survey of human relationships and connexions. Social webs are aboriginal ; they have a history that long predates systems like Facebook and Friendster, and even the first email message. Ever since anyone exchanged aid with anyone else, societal webs have existed, even if they were largely unseeable. Social webs are created from any aggregation of connexions among a group of people and things. In the 21st century, web scientific discipline has blossomed alongside a new planetary civilization of platitude networked communications. With widespread web connectivity, within merely the past few decennaries, one million millions of people have changed their lives by creatively utilizing societal media. We use societal media to convey our households and friends closer together, make out to neighbours and co-workers, and invigorate markets for merchandises and services. Social media are used to make connexions that can adhere local parts and span continents. These connexions range from the trivial to the most valued, powerful coactions, relationships, and communities. Social media tools have been used successfully to make large-scale successful collaborative public undertakings like Wikipedia, unfastened beginning package used by 1000000s, new signifiers of political engagement, and scientific collaboratories that accelerate research. Unheard of merely a few old ages ago, today systems such as web logs, wikis, Twitter, and Facebook are now headline intelligence with societal and political deductions that stretch around the Earth. Despite the really different forms, sizes, and ends of the establishments involved in societal media, the common construction that unifies all societal media infinites is a societal web. All of these systems create connexions that leave hints and jointly create webs. The rise of societal media Social media are seeable in the signifier of consumer applications such as Facebook and Twitter, but important usage of societal media tools takes topographic point behind the firewalls that surround most corporations, establishments, and organisations. Inside these endeavors employees portion paperss, station messages and engage in extended treatments, papers note, and make extended forms of connexions with other employees and other resources. Social media tools cultivate the internal treatments that improve quality, lower costs, and enable the creative activity of client and spouse communities that offer new chances for coordination, selling, advertisement, and client support. As endeavors adopt tools like electronic mail, message boards, web logs, wikis, papers sharing, and activity watercourses, they generate a figure of societal web informations constructions. These webs contain information that has important concern value by exposing participants in the concern web who play critical and alone functions. Some employees act as Bridgess or agents between otherwise separated sections of the company. Others have forms of connexion that indicate that they serve as beginnings of information for many others. Social web analysis of organisations offers a signifier of MRI or x-ray image of the organisational construction of the company. These images illuminate the ways the members of the organisation are really structured in contrast to the formal hierarchies. Individual Contributions Generate Public Wealth Collections of single societal media parts can make huge, frequently good, yet complex societal establishments. Sing the societal media forest, and non merely the trees, subdivisions, and leaves, requires tools that can piece, form, and present an incorporate position of big volumes of records of interactions. Constructing a better position of the societal media landscape of connexion can take to improved user interfaces and policies that increase single parts and their quality. It can take to better direction tools and schemes that help persons, organisations, and authoritiess to more efficaciously use societal media to their precedences. However, unsafe felons, malicious vandals, boosters of racial hatred, and oppressive authoritiess can besides utilize societal media tools to enable destructive activities. Critics of societal media warn of the dangers of lost duty and regard for originative parts, when critical resources are assembled from many little pieces [ 1 ] . These dangers heighten involvement in understanding how societal media phenomena can be studied, improved, and protected. Why do some groups of people win in utilizing these tools while many others fail? Community directors and participants can larn to utilize societal web maps of their societal media infinites to cultivate their best characteristics and bound negative results. Social web steps and maps can be used to derive penetrations into corporate activity and guide optimisation of their productive capacity while restricting the destructive forces that plague most attempts at computer-mediated communications. Peoples interested in cultivating these communities can mensurate and map societal media activity in order to compare and contrast societal media attempts to one another. Around the universe, community stakeholders, directors, leaders, and members have found that they can all profit from larning how to use societal web analysis methods to analyze, path, and compare the kineticss of their communities and the influence of single parts. Business leaders and analysts can analyze enterprise societal webs to better the public presentation of organisations by placing cardinal subscribers, turn uping spreads or disjunctions across the organisation, and detecting of import paperss and other digital objects. Marketing and service managers can utilize societal media web analysis to steer the publicity of their merchandises and services, path regards and ailments, and respond to priority client petitions. Community directors can use these techniques to public-facing systems that gather people around a common involvement and guarantee that socially productive relationships are established. Social media tools have become cardinal to national precedences necessitati ng authorities bureau leaders to go adept in edifice and pull offing their communities and connexions. Governments at all degrees must larn to optimise and prolong societal media tools for public wellness information airing, catastrophe response, energy preservation, environmental protection, community safety, and more. Background to the Problem Billions of people now weave a complex aggregation of electronic mail, Twitter, nomadic short text messages, shared exposures, podcasts, sound and picture watercourses, web logs, wikis, treatment groups, practical world game environments, and societal networking sites like Facebook and MySpace to link them to the universe and the people they care about. Twitter enable short exchanges ideal for expeditiously indicating out resources or cognizing what conferences people are go toing, while detering in-depth treatment and analysis on the platform itself. In contrast, traditional web logs without length restrictions and with their support for sharing multimedia content and remarks are better suited for more in-depth presentations and conversations. Other media including books, newspapers, wikis, electronic mail, societal networking sites, and so forth each have a set of belongingss that create a alone terrain of interaction. Learning to efficaciously run into your aims utilizing societal media requires an apprehension of that terrain and the societal patterns that have grown up around its usage. One of the most exciting facets of on-line societal media tools is that they produce an tremendous sum of societal informations that can be used to better understand the people, organisations, and communities that inhabit them. More specifically, they create relational informations: information about who knows or is friends with whom, who talks to whom, who hangs out in the same topographic points, and who enjoys the same things. Social Media Design Framework Social media systems come in a assortment of signifiers and support legion genres of interaction. Although they all connect persons, they do so in dramatically different ways depending in portion on the proficient design picks that determine inquiries like these: Who can see what? Who can answer to whom? How long is content seeable? What can associate to what? Who can associate to whom? Social media services vary in footings of their intended figure of manufacturers and consumers. An electronic mail is normally authored by merely one individual, whereas a wiki papers is likely to be authored by several or even 100s of people. An separately authored electronic mail might be sent to merely one other individual or be broadcasted to 1000s. More by and large, societal media tools support different graduated tables of production and ingestion of digital objects. Many societal media tools help persons or little groups interact. Instantaneous messaging ( IM ) , picture confab, and personal messaging within all-purpose societal networking sites provide intimate communicating channels comparable to phone calls and face-to-face office meetings. Social media can assist persons make out to moderate-sized groups of friends or familiarities by airing a personal message ( e.g. , a tweet sent to a user s followings on Twitter ; a station sent to a departmental email list ) or leting others to catch a remark ( a station to person s Facebook wall ) . They can besides let persons to make big groups through popular web log stations, podcasts, pictures posted on sites like YouTube, or updates on Twitter by companies or famous persons with legion followings. Purpose of the Research Thousands of people are gaining immense sum of money through Social Media, This research will assist to understand that when one individual enters into societal media, what is his way and where does he travel? This Research will besides assist to understand that how can a individual earn from a peculiar societal web web site. Research Questions To understand the form of browse of persons utilizing societal media web. To look into the consciousness among the people of gaining through societal media. How an person can gain through Social Media in Pakistan? How this form can be used to derive maximal end product in on-line advertisement. DELIVERABLE III Medium of Research Social Network Theory Social web analysis is the application of the broader field of web scientific discipline to the survey of human relationships and connexions. Social webs are aboriginal ; they have a history that long predates systems like Facebook and Friendster, and even the first email message. Ever since anyone exchanged aid with anyone else, societal webs have existed, even if they were largely unseeable. Social webs are created from any aggregation of connexions among a group of people and things. Social web analysis helps you explore and visualize forms found within aggregations of coupled entities that include people. From the position of societal web analysis, the treelike org-chart that normally represents the hierarchal construction of an organisation or endeavor is excessively simple and lacks of import information about the cross connexions that exist between and across sections and divisions. In contrast with the simplified tree construction of an org-chart, a societal web position of an organisation or population leads to the creative activity of visual images that resemble maps of main road systems, air hose paths, or rail webs Network analysts see the universe as a aggregation of interrelated pieces. Those analyzing societal webs see relationships as the edifice blocks of the societal universe, each set of relationships uniting to make emergent forms of connexions among people, groups, and things. The focal point of societal web analysis is between, non within people. Whereas traditional societal scientific discipline research methods such as studies focus on persons and their properties ( e.g. , gender, age, income ) , web scientists focus on the connexions that bind persons together, non entirely on their internal qualities or abilities. This alteration in focal point from property informations to relational informations dramatically affects how informations are collected, represented, and analyzed. Social web analysis complements methods that focus more narrowly on persons, adding a critical dimension that captures the connective tissue of societies and other complex mutualities. Once a set of societal media webs has been constructed and societal web measurings have been calculated, the ensuing informations set can be used for many applications. For illustration, web informations sets can be used to make studies about community wellness, comparings of subgroups, and designation of of import persons, every bit good as in applications that rank, kind, comparison, and hunt for content and experts. The value of a societal web attack is the ability to inquire and reply inquiries that are non available to other methods. This means concentrating on relationships. Although analysts, sellers, and decision makers frequently track societal media engagement statistics, they seldom consider relationships. Traditional engagement statistics can supply of import penetrations about the battle of a community, but can state small about the connexions between community members. Network analysis can assist explicate of import societal phenomena such as group formation, group cohe rence, societal functions, personal influence, and overall community wellness. Significance of Research Social media selling is the procedure of advancing your site or concern through societal media channels and it is a powerful scheme that will acquire you links, attending and monolithic sums of traffic. There is no other low-priced promotional method out at that place that will easy give you big Numberss of visitants, some of whom may come back to your web site once more and once more. If you are selling products/services or merely publication content for ad gross, societal media selling is a powerful method that will do your site profitable over clip. ( Maki, 2007 ) Restrictions Following are the issues which could be faced during the research: Lack of consciousness of using societal media among people in Pakistan. No anterior research available. DELIVERABLE IV LITERATURE REVIEW Social Media Selling Social media selling is the manner of advancing your concern or sites through different societal media channels and it is an effectual program that will billow traffic to your sites, acquire more links and hold on the attending of people. It is one of the low cost web site or merchandise promotion method. It grasps more figure of visitants, some of whom may repeatedly see the web site. If you are in a concern which deals with selling merchandises or services, so societal media selling is one of the effectual ways that will do your site profitable over a period of clip. Those who do non cognize the worth of societal media sites autumn into three different classs ( 1 ) the 1 who do non anything about societal media selling ( 2 ) one who are interested and do non cognize to utilize the societal media ( 3 ) the 1 who do non hold assurance in the worth that a societal media selling can convey in. Why Social Media? Presents Blogs are even ranked higher than the inactive web sites because of their relevant content and their fresh ideas which meet the hunts standards to come on top places. The more links you have the better your site will be ranked by hunt engines. When your web site receives more natural lasting links, it builds more genuineness of your site and physiques search engine trust on your web site. This helps to acquire ranked even with competitory keywords. societal media is a indispensable tool for advancing your site and it s truly a worthy method to acquire into celebrity. ( 1 ) Social media selling helps you to acquire more natural links to your site and your web site is exposed in forepart of more people which helps yo to drive more traffic on your web site. ( 2 ) It s a reliable method, if you utilize it decently and successfully, societal communities help you to drive traffic more than the old sum traffic you received from the hunt engine. ( 3 ) Social media selling is a community based selling method, and this does nt harm several other methods that drive traffic to the web sites on a regular basis Social media selling helps to acquire celebrated all around the Earth. Social media sites includes on-line communities, societal webs, web logs, wikis and another type of media for selling, gross revenues and client support.. The different types of societal media selling tools include facebook, orkut, hi5, chirrup, Linkedin, web logs, YouTube and Flickr. The societal media marketing Acts of the Apostless as a cheapeest method of advertisement. It is seen that societal media marketing Acts of the Apostless as one of the taking concern locale to utilize. Nowadays concern engineering purchasers take part more socially to advance their concern. Constructing a attractive web site may take more sum of clip and attempts. Geting ranked in hunt engine can take old ages, in order to construct a competitory place. Social media selling helps you to acquire immense sum of traffic in a individual twenty-four hours. Once you become cognizant of societal media tools the it would be easy for you to catch audience and to fulfill their demands. The fast growing of Social Media Marketing shows the hereafter of cyberspace in societal media selling. The major participants in the societal media market may revolutionise themselves in class off clip and online concern peoples besides have to alter their tendencies harmonizing to it. With societal media marketing you can easy vie with the opposite numbers and achieve the terminal in concern. The Value of Marketing through Social News Web sites For those who do nt understand or see the value of societal media web sites, allow s take a expression at the benefits of making viral content and efficaciously advancing them through societal media channels. Developing nexus come-ons and successfully acquiring it popular on assorted societal media web sites like Digg and StumbleUpon will take to multiple benefits fo

Monday, March 16, 2020

12 German Movie Recommendations For German Learners

12 German Movie Recommendations For German Learners Watching a movie in a foreign language is a fun and helpful way to help you learn the language. If youre at the beginning of your language-learning journey, look for films with subtitles, either in German or English translations, depending on your level of ability. But even if youre not a pro, letting your brain relax and not try so hard and just absorb the language on the screen taps into a different way of learning. Its how people naturally learn their native tongue: by listening and needing to understand. We asked our readers what movies were especially helpful to help them learn the language. Here are 12 of their German movie recommendations: 1. Sophie Scholl – Die Letzten Tage,  2005 Ken Masters says: Sorry, don’t have time to write a full review, but it’s not necessary- these films, especially Sophie Scholl, speak for themselves. And, if you’re interested in the history of film, then you have to watch the silent film Metropolis (1927). 2. The Edukators, 2004 Kieran Chart says: â€Å"I would recommend ‘The Edukators.’ It’s a really good movie and also has an interesting message. To add to that, ‘The Counterfeiters’ (‘Die Flscher’) is a really good German war movie concerning a Nazi plot to counterfeit English and American money and flood the economy with these false notes, bringing it to its knees. Then, of course, it would be remiss of me to not include ‘Das Boot.’ Really worth a watch. Suspense doesn’t get better in a movie. Enjoy.† 3. â€Å"Die Welle† (â€Å"The Wave†), 2008 Vlasta Veres says: â€Å"‘Die Welle’ is also one of my favorites. The story starts with a simple high school workshop, where through a game, a teacher explains how fascism works. However, you can see how gradually students start getting carried away and start acting violently toward other groups. This movie perfectly depicts the psychology of a group and how humanness can step away in front of instincts inside us that are frightening. Definitely a must see.† 4. â€Å"Himmel uber Berlin† (â€Å"Wings of Desire†), 1987 Christopher G says: This â€Å"is a film I have seen often; it never fails to challenge and force questions. Wonderful direction and script by Wim Wenders. Bruno Ganz communicates with silent gestures more than his words. Intriguing line: ‘Ich weiss jetzt, was kein Engel weiss.’† 5. â€Å"Erbsen auf Halb 6,† 2004 Apollon says: â€Å"The last film that I watched was ‘Drei.’ Such a good movie. But I’ve watched before a better one called â€Å"Erbsen auf Halb 6,† about a blind woman and a famous movie director who becomes blind after an accident.† 6. â€Å"Das Boot,† 1981 Sachin Kulkarni says: â€Å"The last German film I saw was ‘Das Boot’ by Wolfgang Petersen. This movie dates back to World War II and is about a submarine carrying a relatively young crew. Very good movie with a sad ending.† 7. â€Å"Almanya - Willkommen in Deutschland,† 2011 Ken Masters says: â€Å"A serious/comical look at Turks in Germany. Mostly lighthearted, but dealing with sometimes serious subjects and cultural differences.† 8. â€Å"Pina,† 2011 Amelia says: â€Å"Testimonials and dance moves created by the company’s dancers make a beautiful tribute to the choreographer Pina Bausch.† 9. â€Å"Nosferatu the Vampyre,† 1979 Gary NJ says: Werner â€Å"Herzog’s ‘Nosferatu’ from 1979 with Klaus Kinski and Bruno Ganz is very good. The scenery and music are great. A good creepy movie for fall or Halloween.† This film is an art-house vampire horror flick. 10. â€Å"Goodbye Lenin,† 2003 Jaime says â€Å"... a bittersweet take on the fall of the Berlin Wall and the western economic change in East Germany, which he tries to hide from his ill mother.† 11. â€Å"Das Leben der Anderen,† 2006 Emmett Hoops says: â€Å"‘Das Leben der Anderen’ is probably the most beautiful, most moving film to come out of Germany in the past 30 years. Another good one is ‘Der Untergang,’ with Bruno Ganz as Hitler. It shows the insanity of National Socialism brought to its inevitable (and hotly desired by Hitler) conclusion.† 12. â€Å"Chinesisches Roulette,† 1976 Anonymous  says: â€Å"The climax of the film is the 15-minute guessing game of the title, with lots of questions of the form ‘if this person were X, what kind of X would they be?’ Plenty of practice with Konjunktiv 2.†

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Assessing The Difference Between Crime And Defiance Criminology Essay

Assessing The Difference Between Crime And Defiance Criminology Essay Crime and Deviance, is a major topic which affects mostly every society in today’s world. When defining crime and deviance, it will depend of the norms and values of a society. Many societies have many different values and norms. Norms of society, is where all society members are expected to conform to certain behaviours. Values of a society, is where a society values something which all society members conform to. For example, many societies value certain types of religion such as Christianity or Buddhism and many other types of religion. Crime in society, is usually very specific, that it goes against the laws of society. People who commit crimes, are breaking the law and if caught, must be punished. People can be punished for committing crimes such as burglary, damage to people’s property, murder and assault. People who are found guilty of committing crimes, must be punished by the courts of law. Crime is a relative concept. This means that how a society views crimi nal acts, can differ. Criminal acts in one society, may not be seen as a criminal act in another society. Society may also differ in how to punish people for committing specific criminal acts. (Broom and Selznick, 1963 p 540,541). When looking at crime in society, it is important to look at the physiological and psychological approaches in relation to crime. These approaches have been criticised. Looking at the physiological approach, a biological theory was carried out by Cesare Lombroso. Cesare Lombroso, tried to find out if there was a connection between crime and biological causes. In 1876, Cesare Lombroso carried out research called â€Å"L’Uomo Delinquente†. Cesare Lombroso (1835 – 1909), came up with the suggestion that criminals could be identified using certain physical characterisitics such as large jaws, low foreheads and excessive body hair. Cesare Lombroso’s work was dismissed, because the theory was only focused on the criminals, in prison. This theory failed to take into account, why some people who have similar human attributes, are found throughout the world. The theory, failed to explain how certain physical human attributes distinguish criminals from people who do not commit criminal activities. (Macionis and Plummer,1998. P207) The psychological approach suggests that criminal behaviour, could be explained due to the individual’s mental make up and processes such as personality, rather than the person’s physical characteristics. Hans Eysenck, carried out research in â€Å"Crime and personality† in 1964. Hans Eysenck, suggested that it was possible that certain personality traits that people have can make certain people â€Å"resistant to discipline than others†.(Stephenson,1992. Page 7). Hans Eysenck also suggested that people with certain personality characteristics would be more likely to commit criminal behaviours.(Stephenson,1992. Page 7). Overall, using the physiological and psych ological approach has been criticised as it does not take into account some factors such as â€Å"exploring how conceptions of right and wrong initially rise,†.(Macionis and Plummer,1998. P208). Deviance can be defined as behaviour which does not conform to certain norms of a specific society.(Haralambos & Holborn,2008). Deviance can be explained as a more broader term than crime. It is not specific and deviant behaviour may not be criminal.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Understanding the Behaviour of Organisations in their Market Essay

Understanding the Behaviour of Organisations in their Market Environment - Essay Example In general, there are four basic types of market structure, namely perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly. Perfect Competition: Perfect competition is a situation when numerous firms are competing in the market (Machovec, 2002). For example, FMCG and FMCD sectors are perfectly competitive ones. The biggest advantage of a perfectly competitive market is that firms produce optimal output levels at a low cost. However, the biggest disadvantage is that companies earn minimal profit and there are no economies of scale. Monopoly: A monopoly is a market situation where only firm is operating and there are no competitors (Lele, 2006). For example, the local water electricity service providers are often considered to be operating in a monopoly market. The advantages of monopoly are no risk of overproduction, efficient use of resources, price leader, focuses on the production of a particular product or service. The labour cost is also low. On the other hand, the disadvantages of a monopoly market are that the company can exploit customers by charging more or offering low quality products. There is huge restriction in choice of customers resulting in a low buyer power. Furthermore, the absence of competition often leads to inefficiency and lower productivity. Monopolistic Competition: A monopolistic competition in an industry is characterised by the presence of several competitors, but their offerings differ (Solow, 1998). The restaurant industry is the best example of monopolistic competition. One of th e biggest advantages of monopolistic competition is that it promotes competition which, in turn, greatly helps in enhancing the efficiency and productivity of the industry. From the point of view of consumers, it offers them greater choice and variety. Moreover, customers get quality products and services and turn out to be more knowledgeable about the product features. Technological innovation and research and development are highly visible. The disadvantages of monopolistic competition are that it leads to higher price. Oligopoly: An oligopoly market is characterised by the presence of only a few firms (Tucker, 2008). For example, gas service providers are considered to be operating in the oligopoly market. The biggest advantage is that prices remain fixed and competition is high resulting in a higher efficiency. On the other hand, the disadvantage is that there are less research and development works and less innovation. Figure 1 – Market Structure PESTLE and Cultural Envi ronment The external business environment in which an organisation operates plays a significant role. Before formulating a business plan or formulating a strategy for business, organisations carry out in-depth analysis of the business environment. The external business environment includes the political, legal, social, technological, environmental, demographic, economical and cultural factors. Nowadays, business houses operate in a changing business environment and as a result, they are required to offer products and services that match with the needs of customers. According to Taloo (2007), there are no businesses in the world that can survive without having any interaction with the external business environment. The factors of the external business environment have a strong influence on the business operations and therefore, businesses need to be aware of the external environment. For example, a change in the economic environment of a country can strongly impact the sales of a com pany. Therefore, organisations are